India's need for coal logistics plan and policy


Yash Vora

3/31/20242 min read

India's economy is primarily dependent on power facilities that burn coal. Nevertheless, the process of moving coal from mines to these power plants can be difficult and costly. On February 29, 2024, the Indian government unveiled the Coal Logistics Plan and Policy to address these issues. This plan provides a road map for reducing costs, increasing speed, and improving cleanliness in coal logistics.

India's Coal Transportation Challenges
India faces several obstacles to the effective transportation of coal. The reliance on roads is one of the main obstacles. The majority of coal is now moved by trucks, which is a costly and time-consuming process. Air pollution and traffic congestion are further issues caused by auto transportation.

An additional obstacle is the overworked train system. Although some coal is moved by rail, the current system is frequently overburdened and unable to accommodate the large amounts of coal needed by power plants.

The Coal Logistics Strategy

By emphasizing various crucial areas, the Coal Logistics Plan seeks to transform the coal transportation industry in India.

Increasing Dependency on Railroads: The strategy suggests a major move away from coal-transporting by rail. By 2030, 90% of coal is expected to be carried by rail. This will necessitate spending money on developing new coal routes and freight lines, among other railway network expansion projects.

Technological Advancements: Using new technology to increase efficiency, is emphasized in the plan. This involves optimizing logistics operations through the use of automation and data analytics. In order to lower emissions during transportation, the plan also promotes the employment of greener technology, such as electric locomotives.

Streamlining Procedures: One of the goals of the Coal Logistics Plan is to make the transportation of coal more efficient. This entails streamlining clearances and approvals, enhancing stakeholder collaboration, and putting policies in place to shorten turnaround times at facilities for loading and unloading cargo.

Benefits of the Coal Logistics Plan

India's coal industry may profit greatly from the Coal Logistics Plan in a number of ways.

Decreased Costs: The concept seeks to reduce the overall cost of coal logistics by moving toward more effective rail transportation. Power corporations will gain from this, while customers may see a decrease in the cost of electricity.

Enhanced Efficiency: A more efficient coal transportation system will result from the plan's emphasis on automation and process simplification. This will lower the possibility of power disruptions by guaranteeing a consistent supply of coal to power plants.

Obstacles to the Coal Logistics Plan

The Coal Logistics Plan has potential, but there are issues that must be resolved as well.

Investment Requirements: The strategy calls for large investments in the creation of infrastructure and the uptake of new technologies. To obtain the funds required, cooperation between the public and commercial sectors will be required.

Technological Adoption: The plan's successful execution depends on how quickly new technologies are embraced. Programs for workforce development and training that focus on coal logistics may be necessary to achieve this.


The Coal Logistics Plan aims to enhance India's power sector by prioritizing rail transport, technology upgrades, and streamlined operations. This initiative promises cost reduction, efficiency enhancement, and environmental impact mitigation through improved coal supply management.

Thank you.


Utkarsh Malhotra,

Kautilya, IBS Mumbai.